这4种饮食习惯容易伤肾一定要戒掉! - 新闻动态

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这4种饮食习惯容易伤肾一定要戒掉!
发布时间:2020-09-08   点击次数: 来源:尊龙人生就是博l

  肾脏是人体内具有排泄、代谢和内分泌功能的重要器官,能起到调节人体电解质浓度、维持水和酸碱平衡的作用,但生活中很多饮食习惯有可能伤害到肾,影响其功能。

  Kidney is an important organ with excretion, metabolism and endocrine function in human body. It can regulate the concentration of electrolytes and maintain the balance of water and acid-base. However, many dietary habits may damage the kidney and affect its function.
  不爱喝水
  Don't like drinking water
  肾脏的主要功能之一就是生成尿液,当人体内水分过多或过少时,由肾脏对尿量进行调节,保持体内水分平衡。如果长时间不喝水,尿量就会减少,尿液中携带的废物和毒素的浓度就会增加。临床常见的肾结石、肾积水等都和长时间不喝水密切相关。充分喝水可稀释尿液,保护肾脏,有利于充分排出废物和毒素。
  One of the main functions of the kidney is to generate urine. When there is too much or too little water in the human body, the kidney regulates the urine volume to maintain the water balance in the body. If you don't drink water for a long time, your urine volume will decrease and the concentration of wastes and toxins in your urine will increase. Clinical common kidney stones, hydronephrosis and so on are closely related to a long time not drinking water. Adequate drinking water can dilute the urine, protect the kidney, and facilitate the full discharge of waste and toxins.
  大鱼大肉,补高蛋白
  Big fish, big meat, high protein
  蛋白质是人体必需的营养素,主要存在于鸡蛋、牛奶,各种肉类、海鲜以及豆类等食物中,健康人群通过均衡饮食,完全可以满足每日所需蛋白质,但如果长期高蛋白饮食,因其代谢产物如尿素、尿酸、肌酐等含氮物质均从尿液中排出,就会增加肾脏负担,甚至使肾脏长期处于“超负荷”状态,因此大量吃高蛋白食物或盲目补充高蛋白营养品时,会损害肾脏功能。
  Protein is an essential nutrient for human body. It mainly exists in eggs, milk, meat, seafood, beans and other foods. Healthy people can completely meet their daily protein needs through a balanced diet. However, if a long-term high protein diet is conducted, the metabolic products such as urea, uric acid, creatinine and other nitrogen-containing substances are discharged from the urine, which will increase the burden on the kidney, and even make the kidney more burdensome The kidney is in a state of "overload" for a long time, so it will damage the function of kidney when eating a lot of high protein food or blindly supplementing high protein nutrition.
                         尊龙三汁小焖锅
  饮食偏咸
  Salty diet
  饮食中95%盐分由肾脏代谢,吃得过咸,肾脏的负担自然加重。同时,饮食过咸会导致血压升高,肾脏血液不能维持正常流量,从而诱发肾病。建议每天摄盐量控制在6克以内。
  95% salt in the diet is metabolized by the kidney. If you eat too much salt, the burden on the kidney will naturally increase. At the same time, too salty diet will lead to increased blood pressure, kidney blood can not maintain normal flow, thus inducing kidney disease. It is suggested that the daily salt intake should be controlled within 6G.
  饮料当水喝
  Drink as water
  饮料当中的糖、磷酸盐、咖啡因等成分都会促进钙排出,尿里面的钙含量会随之增多,易形成结石。运动饮料中含有额外的电解质与盐分,有肾病的人需小心这类饮料。建议少喝饮料,多喝白开水,以促进体内毒素及时排出,保证肾脏健康。
  Sugar, phosphate, caffeine and other ingredients in the beverage can promote calcium excretion, and the calcium content in urine will increase accordingly, which is easy to form stones. Sports drinks contain extra electrolytes and salts, and people with kidney disease should be careful of these drinks. It is suggested to drink less drinks and more boiled water to promote the timely excretion of toxins in the body and ensure the health of kidneys.


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